ADHD – attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children

ADHD – attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children

1.What is ADHD?
2.How common meets ADHD in children?
3.The main causes of ADHD
4.Symptoms that your child has ADHD
5.How to distinguish the restless, and explosive character from the real disease (ADHD)
6.How to treat ADHD?
7.Tips for parents of children with ADHD

It’s hard for you to raise your children who have ADHD. Your children have low school performance, you are frustrated by the bad behavior of children at school, at home. You start to think that maybe you are wrong (bad) raising children. But you have to understand ADHD is a disease, and it’s not a consequence of bad parenting.

What is ADHD?

This question is asked by many parents. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a mental disorder that, with delayed or incorrect treatment, can lead to serious consequences that negatively affect all other spheres of life. It is necessary to recognize the disorder in time to avoid these consequences.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder occurs in quite many children. In each class or group of kindergarten, there is at least one child with manifestations of this syndrome. This diagnosis means the presence of mental disorders, expressed in increased excitability, emotionality, hyperactivity, accompanied by outbreaks of aggression, as well as reduced ability to perceive information, perseverance, attention problems.
Children who have symptoms of ADHD, worse learn in school, bad establish contacts and not comfortable in the team. But it happens not because of lagging in mental development. Intelligence is fully preserved. Suffers emotionally-strong-willed sphere, ability to self-control and concentration attention.

How common meets ADHD in children?

As a rule, the diagnosis of ADHD is voiced to parents of a small fidget at the age of 5-7 years. At an early age, the lack of perseverance and purposeful attention could be explained by immaturity, to the school period the problem arises in full growth.

The main causes of ADHD

With the determination of the reliable causes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children there are some problems, even today they are not completely established. However, psychologists and neurologists refer to the possible factors of the disease development as follows:

Features of the nervous system. This refers to the individual characteristics of human development, manifested in a lack of attention and increased activity.

Genetic predisposition, when the causes of the disease are in the genes. The risk of ADHD increases if similar mental disorders are present in one of the closest relatives of the person.

Psychological-complex relationships within the family are not the main cause of the syndrome but very complicate its course.

Symptoms that your child has ADHD

there are the following signs of ADHD in children:

Absent-mindedness. It is expressed in the fact that the child is constantly losing their belongings, for example, clothes, school supplies, toys; as well as the fact that he can not in a calm state to perform certain actions: write, draw, read, play.

Forgetfulness. Is reflected in the fact that the child always forgets the requests of parents, teachers, friends;

Inattention. Is reflected in the fact that the child makes many errors while performing any action due to a lack of concentration at the same processes.

Hyperactivity. Expressed in the fact that the child says a lot, restlessly and randomly moves his legs and hands, feet and hands, can not sit still in one place, performs an excessive number of aimless movements, including in situations where you can not behave like this. Speaking of hyperactivity, it will not be superfluous to note that in children with ADHD motor activity can continue even when they sleep, and such children often sleep in the embryo position. If you talk with a child with ADHD and, for example, ask him questions, he begins to answer them, not yet having heard until the end. And to judge the hyperactivity can be by the fact that children always interfere in not concerning their conversations, get into other people’s activities and games.

However, you do not need to sound the alarm if you suddenly noticed for your child something of the above. The fact that talking about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can be when the behavior manifested six or more symptoms. In addition, this should occur systematically for six months at school or kindergarten, at home, in interaction with other people. It is also important that only psychologists, neurologists and some other specialists who understand the peculiarities of children’s development can make an appropriate diagnosis. And only after the diagnosis is determined, you can begin treatment.

How to distinguish the restless, and explosive character from the real disease (ADHD)

Even if the child has an intolerable, restless and explosive character (he is emotional, uncontrollable, disobedient), but this does not prevent him from developing within the norm and becoming a full member of society (that is, he is able to communicate with peers, to enter into friendly relations), this hyperactivity has nothing to do with the medical diagnosis of ADHD.

In those cases, when hyperactivity is really a disease of the child, without the constant help of parents and specialists (psychologists, neurologists), the baby simply can not be a member of the team — he does not adequately respond to attempts to communicate with him, he does not understand the requests and requirements, he is often not just a conflict, but also aggressive towards peers, he is not able to learn.

The easiest way to distinguish hyperactivity as a diagnosis and disease from “hyperactivity from nature” is to analyze how a child behaves in different situations. Very often children behave at home as if “hyperactivity is their middle name”: too active and emotional, disobedient and hysterical. And even show all the signs of ADHD. But according to estimates, for example, kindergarten teachers or nannies — the child is just Golden (very well-behaved).

If the hyperactivity of the child is not just a reflection of his personality and character, namely a sign of the disease — he will in all conditions behave the same: anywhere, in any company, under any circumstances, the baby will show symptoms of ADHD.

But if the child’s behavior is radically different depending on certain circumstances — about any diagnosis is out of the question.

How to treat ADHD?

Most experts believe that attention deficit disorder is an incurable disease. Despite this, there are those who believe that this is a myth and offer for the treatment of ADHD certain measures.

Treatment of ADHD involves the use of short-term and long-term drug therapy and behavioral correction with psychotherapy. Essential medicines in this case are psycho stimulants like Dextroamphetamine-amphetamine, and Methylphenidate Lisdexamfetamine acting to normalize attention and reduce hyperactivity. Often used and antidepressants, but their effect is much slower. Remember that prescribe drugs and pick up the dosage can only be a doctor.

Tips for parents of children with ADHD

What can you do at home to alleviate the illness of your child? Here are some effective recommendations:

Increase the self-esteem of the child, for this accustom the child to sports. For example, accustom it to martial arts and active training. Even if no significant achievements will be achieved, the sport, in any case, develops willpower, discipline, the desire to work on themselves, as well as accustoms to the schedule.

Correctly set tasks. When you entrust something to your child, try to be simple. Your words, phrases, and wording should correspond to his age, clearly perceived and understood by the child. A large task is recommended to be divided into several smaller stages.

Observe the regime. Build a daily routine and schedule for each day to teach the child discipline. But do it at ease and gently. Children with ADHD are much easier to raise when the parent suppresses unwanted behavior and encourages desirable.

Talk to the teacher. This means that you just need to tell about the features of his child teachers and educator with whom he interacts to secure support from teachers. You can talk about the possibility of changes in the assessment system, develop an individual lesson plan or even transfer the child to a private school, where a special approach will be applied to him.

Keep confidence and be patient. Accept the fact that in a moment to deal with the difficulties will not work. And so try to keep calm and balance. This will allow you to avoid mistakes and avoid fatigue in the upbringing of your beloved child. In addition, children tend to copy the behavior of reputable adults for them, which means you should always serve as a good example to follow.

Develop thinking. Pay special attention to the intellectual development of your child. For this fits reading books, solving logical problems, watching educational TV shows and documentaries, all kinds of games (including online) and courses on the development of thinking.

And once again, we recall that it is not necessary to determine the syndrome of attention deficit and hyperactivity in children on their own. If you regularly notice any deviations, do not jump to conclusions, and seek the advice of professionals. Most likely, in unusual behavior simply manifest features of your favorite son or daughter.

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