From the moment of birth to 1 year the child changing very much. Infants grow and develop at a rapid pace, and every month they reach new and new indicators. Of course, all young parents are wondering: what to expect from an infant and how to understand whether it is developing at the right rate.
A person never develops as fast as in the first year of his life. In just twelve months, the child triples its weight, learns to own its own body and to understand its emotions. The rapid development of a child up to a year allows the baby to turn into a little man, able to move independently and even talk. When does the baby start talking?
Calendars and textbooks, which indicate how the child’s development takes place every month, allow parents to evaluate the success of their children and pre-diagnose developmental disorders. The first year of a child’s life is actually a period of exceptionally intense changes that occur month by month. In infancy, a child changes from a tiny newborn who can sleep up to 23 hours a day to a child who already speaks the first words.
The first year of a child’s life
The first 12 months of a child’s life is called the period of infancy. At this time, very intense and rapid changes occur in the child’s body. The baby develops physically, mentally and psychologically. Despite the fact that in the initial period of infancy, the child sleeps most of the day, after a few months he becomes very actively interested in the world and its surrounding reality.
Wants to move and learn as much as possible. During the first 12 months after birth, the baby utters the first syllables, and then the words and tries to sit on his own, tries to take the first steps. During this period, the first milk teeth appear, and the child eats food, except for breast milk. The infant also begins to identify people from his closest circle and respond to his name.
First-year baby development month by month
To facilitate the tracking of changes in the development of the child, special calendars are created that tell about the progress that is characteristic of this period. See how the child develops during the first year of life:
Immediately after birth, the child has only basic skills that ensure his survival and requires regular attention. In the first weeks of his life, his main occupation is sleep, which takes him about 20 hours a day. The child quickly acquires new skills. In the second week, you can observe some inborn unconditioned reflexes, for example, the grasping reflex – when you give a child a finger or another object, it squeezes him strongly.
In the first month, the baby is already able to drive his eyes behind a slowly moving object. During this period, the child sees mostly all black and white and is sensitive to light. Reacts to the face of the parent and tries to answer, making sounds.
By the end of the month, the child is able to turn his head in the direction of the received stimulation, for example, a sound or an object. He also begins to raise his head and try to raise the body, lying on his back.
In the second month, there is an intensive development of the child’s physical skills. The child is already able to raise his head and keep it upright, with the support of parents. He is happy to look at objects, such as his own fingers or toys, especially if they make interesting sounds. May also hold them in their hands for some time.
At the end of the month, he can independently roll over from his back to his side, and lift his chest, lying on his stomach. Makes guttural sounds that are becoming more diverse. The child may begin to smile consciously, especially at the sight of famous people. Increasingly, he stops his gaze on various objects, and on familiar faces.
The child is better and better at capturing and can hold things for a while. It can also connect the palms and plays them with pleasure. In the third month, the child can raise his head, lying on his stomach and lean on his hands. Can hold out in this position a minute. The child makes more and more sounds, often in response to the statements of other people. He also knows how to smile spontaneously.
At this stage, the child can continuously observe the object moving in an arc and react to the appearance of small objects. Insofar as he sees colors better and better, we can show him multi-colored objects, such as toys. At this stage, the child forms a three-dimensional vision of reality.
This month there is a further development of the child’s mobility. Without problems, the baby keeps his head in an upright position, when he holds, he can sit if there is a support, for example, in the form of pillows. The strength of the arms and legs of the child is growing. The child tries to push off from the surface, as well as straighten the legs in the supine position.
He distinguishes things more clearly, shakes them, and often puts them in his mouth, however, he cannot hold two objects at the same time. The repertoire of the sounds made by the kid is constantly increasing, which includes exclamations of different heights, chilling and squeaking. The child is becoming more and more interested in the world, so it is worthwhile to provide him with the opportunity to observe him.
The child gains more and more effective control over his body. Lying on the stomach, it can lift the chest and support it with its hands – this is the so-called position of the seal’s, which is a prerequisite for crawling. How to teach baby to crawl on all fours? The child is already capable of effectively turning over from the belly to the back and vice versa. Tries to move forward when lying on his stomach. At five months, the child can withstand for a long time in a sitting position with an emphasis.
The kid can also hold various objects, such as a mug (without using a thumb). In addition, he willingly plays with his legs, which he can put in his mouth. The baby begins to detect causal relationships at this stage, for example, between crying and the appearance of one of the parents.
At this age, the child improves the skill of sitting. Able to twist smoothly from back to tummy. It also acquires the ability to crawl, so that it can move over very long distances.
In this regard, it is worthwhile to close potentially dangerous objects, such as contacts, wires, etc. The kid more precisely can also transfer the object from hand to hand and reach for the object moving around it. At this age, you can begin to gradually introduce into the child’s diet new foods. This may be, for example, rice porridge or grated apple.
In the seventh month, your baby probably weighs twice as much as at the time of birth. Already able to sit on his own, although he does it still uncertainty. He can hold two objects at the same time and begins to use separate fingers, for example, the thumb and index finger.
The ability to handle objects – for example, knocking a toy on the table – develops. The baby crawls more efficiently. If you hold it under your arms, he will bend and straighten your legs rhythmically. At this age, the child already understands that things do not disappear when he loses sight of them. Reacts to the sound of his name, may express disagreement.
After the crawling stage, the baby starts walking with support. At the end of the eighth month, it can do it quite effectively, but if the baby does not, there is no cause for concern. Some children begin to walk in the 9th or 10th month of life.
The child begins at this age to imitate the gestures of other people. He likes to repeat the same games, drag and drop and look at falling objects. Sit on your own for a few minutes with no problems. At this stage, the child can already drink from a cup and eat the food given to him.
Children at this age make the first attempts to get up on their own, for example, holding onto furniture. Infants can no longer only sit on their own, but also sometimes stand on their legs wide apart. A child in the ninth month of life improves the ability to communicate with the environment – already understands the meaning of the word “no”, says, imitates the gestures of other people.
At this age, children can already act intuitively – for example, remove an obstacle in order to reach the toy. The child appears next teeth, so you need to give him food that requires chewing.
The child is better and better at handling the art of sitting down and getting up. Able to sit on a chair, and, perhaps, even takes the first steps if supported by adults. The baby has an intensively developed ability to understand speech, and can perform simple commands, such as “give” and “take”.
The child talks more, changes intonation and gestures, is clearly trying to make contact with the environment. At this age, the first words can speak, as a rule, without understanding their meaning. A child can find a toy that has been hidden. Great pleasure to bring him toys that make sounds. At this age, you can begin to enter into the food products containing gluten.
The child can stand up, holding the furniture, and can also stand for some time without support. He is trying to take the first independent steps, although he will probably achieve success only in a few months. The child can bend over or sit down if for something is holding. The kid is becoming more enduring by hand – copes with the opening of cabinets, skillfully manipulates toys, can also try to hold a spoon when eating and drawing.
At this stage, the first words appear, spoken with understanding, and they more and more. At this age, the child already knows what he wants, and often knows how to express it. The child sees better and better, is able to concentrate his vision on a certain object, observe moving objects, recognize objects in an image. The baby sleeps less than a newborn – enough for him about thirteen hours.
Children under the first year of life are beginning to be more inclined to experiment and search for new solutions, instead of choosing already proven ones.
A child in the twelfth month of life, as a rule, already knows how to walk quite effectively, as well as get up and sit down. In addition, there is an increase in efficiency in a manual — he can handle small objects, for example, by inserting one into the other, or turning pages in a book.
During this period, the child is interested in the environment and is able to point his finger at various objects. He is also able to recognize his reflection in the mirror. Understands and can perform more and more commands, although it does not always want it. In that case, we can hear his loud protests.