Have you noticed that the child often twitches or blinks? Your child may have a nervous tic.
Tics in children
Nerve tics – involuntary muscle contractions, most often limbs and face (raising eyebrows, blinking, twitching the corner of the mouth or cheek, shuddering, shrugging). Tics in children are ten times more meet than in adults. Consider the symptoms, causes and methods of treatment of nervous tics in a child. Classification and causes of tics. A nerve tic can be the movements of one muscle group, and then talk about a local, or limited nervous tic, or movements in which several muscle groups are involved, and then it’s called a generalized nerve tic.
According to its manifestations, the nervous tics are divided into three large groups:
Mimic, or facial. In this type of nervous tics mainly mimic muscles are involved. Such tics include nervous tic of the eye (they say, the eye “twitches”), frequent blinking, winking, lip movements, and other contractions of the facial muscles.
Vocal, or voice. This is a group of complex nerve tics, during which the patient utters either individual jerky sounds, like grunts, moans, etc., or words and even phrases. These can be phrases pronounced by him, or repeated after other endings of phrases.
Tics of the limbs. Clapping hands, Bouncing, stomping, etc. Some teachers and parents believe that signs of tic can appear only in “nervous” children. However, all children are “nervous”, especially during the so-called age crisis (3 years, 6-7 years), but tics do not appear in all children.
Consider the most common causes of nervous tics in children:
Heredity. Parents or relatives also suffered from obsessive thoughts or movements. It is likely that the manifestation of tic in a child will begin earlier than in family members.
Parental divorce or permanent conflicts, abundance or complete absence of prohibitions and claims. Often the reason for the tic lies in the fact that the on child do not pay attention. Countless remarks and constant shouts restrain the baby’s free physiological activity, which is replaced by its pathological appearance in the form of obsessions and tics.
At the same time, if the parents all allow the child, he gradually becomes infantile, which also predisposes to the appearance of tics. A stressful situation or an illness.If, with an unfavorable upbringing or hereditary predisposition, the baby additionally faces an insoluble problem, he may have a tic.
Often, adults can not understand what triggered the occurrence of a tic in a child, as he most often does not share his experiences.
But in such periods, the crumb may require constant attention, seek close contact with their loved ones. Sometimes parents tell the doctor that after a serious illness the child became moody and nervous, and only then symptoms of tic appeared. Symptoms of a nervous tic. Adults do not immediately notice the signs of a tic in a child. And the child himself is aware of the strangeness of his behavior.
Some children feel the onset of an attack and sometimes even briefly suppress it with willpower.With anxiety or fear, some children have a laryngeal cough and movement in their hands. These movements are unconscious and involuntary. Also, sometimes there is a tooth gnashing, which is often combined with terrible dreams and urinary incontinence.
All these movements and involuntary sounds or shouts of words may disappear with time, or they may become fixed in the form of a pathological habit. The appearance of symptoms of a nervous tic in children reduces their psycho-emotional state, but does not impair the functioning of the nervous system and does not impair intelligence.
Often they are accompanied by attention disorder, hyperactive and obsessive behavior (hair pulling, nail nibbling), anxiety and depression.In addition, children with tics do not tolerate stuffy rooms and vehicles, quickly get tired of classes and shows, fall asleep poorly and sleep restlessly.
Methods of treatment of nervous tics in children.
For the correction of nervous tics in children, doctors advise, if possible, to exclude provoking factors.Of course, the child must comply with the diet and sleep. In advanced cases, excellent results show psychotherapy. In the form of the game the kid learns to cope with problems and stresses. To normalize the emotional background, the doctor may prescribe antidepressants.
In the complex treatment of a nervous tic in children, sometimes drugs are used that improve metabolic processes, as well as medicines and vitamins. Family psychotherapy will help parents and child change their attitude to tic attacks. After normalization of the situation in the environment and the family, the tic in a child, caused by emotional problems, gradually passes.